Time for, BASE Part 2!
Today we’re talking about everything from how to find your perfect shade, knowing your undertone, how to apply both foundation and concealer and the best tools for these products.
Now we’ve already spoken about taking care of skin prior to layering our foundation base. So now its onto finding out what your undertone is, colour matching your foundation and concealer and moving on to actually getting it on your face! 🙂
There are three pieces to the puzzle of “colour matching” that we need to find..
1. Are you a pink, yellow or neutral undertone?
Can you tell just by looking at yourself?
Do you seem more yellow or pink?
Or you seem to have neither and your normal skin colour shows through more?
If just by looking at yourself you can’t tell, think about what happens when you spend time in the sun.. Do you tend to burn/go red? Probably leaning towards a pink (cool) undertone.
Or do you tan easily, and very rarely burn? Now we’re leaning towards a more yellow (warm) undertone or a neutral undertone.
2. What is your best-suited foundation colour?
If you’re a little unsure, that’s totally fine. My best advise is to go in store, play around with the products and try some out on your skin. If you don’t have a store near you that has makeup artists readily available to do a proper skin-match for you, don’t fret.
Find some colours you think are going to suit, and test them out on your neck. Do not test on your arm, wrist or even directly on your face; these locations all tend to give you a false indication of what is a suitable colour for you.
Sometimes your face is lighter than you body, sometimes your arms/wrists are darker than your neck/face etc
Your neck is your best bet to a clean and seamless foundation application without leaving that horrid orange line on your jawline.
Always be careful of oxidising, (when a foundation dries down at a different colour to its original first swatch) – This does happen with quite a few full coverage foundations, so trying them out, swatching them on your hand and allowing them to dry down will help you narrow it down to which ones do this.
3. Now what about concealer?
When it comes to concealer, you’re usually looking for 2 different uses;
1. for ‘concealing’ as per the name suggests and
2. for brightening/highlighting
[ For me, when concealing, I use a concealer that is the same colour as my foundation (or as close to as I can find) and when I want to highlight/brighten after hiding all my lumps & bumps, I lean towards a concealer that is 1-2 shades lighter than my foundation and I only use that under my eyes, on the bridge of my nose and on my chin 🙂 ]
Now that you know your skin tone and foundation & concealer colours, we can move onto the actual application.
Your foundation of choice solely comes down to what you want it to do for you.
Do you just want light, medium or full coverage?
Do you need it to match your natural skin tone or your fake tan?
Is it for everyday use or a night out?
And then you need to decide what kind of foundation you want.
There are so many different kinds to choose from, all varying in consistency and coverage.
Lets jump into some detail of the different kinds:
Tinted Moisturiser, BB Cream or CC Cream
These products typically provide light coverage and will cover up some unevenness, but is best for people with pretty good skin. It’s truly a moisturiser with a wash of sheer colour. It works as a 2-in-1 (sometimes 3-in-1 if it contains SPF) makeup product because it moisturises while providing an all-over sheer colour.
Tinted Moisturiser, BB Creams or CC Creams are best applied with your hands, perhaps a beauty sponge to blend it in.
Liquid (Cream) Foundation
Liquid foundation is a basic term for foundations that come in liquid form. There are many specialised versions, including oil-free, oil-based, waterproof and even 24-hour. They can go from medium to full coverage depending on how much you apply.
Cream foundations provide a bit of a heavier coverage and are formulated for normal to dry skin.
To build up the foundation, simply apply a layer and let it dry, then apply another layer on top of it over your problem area.
Liquid (cream) foundations are best applied with a wet beauty sponge or foundation brush.
Mousse or Whipped Foundation
Mousse, also marketed as “whipped foundation,” is liquid makeup with air whipped in. This makes the product light and smooth. Mousse foundations tend to have a perfect matte finish and a weightless feel.
Whipped foundation is typically good for all skin types, because of its tendency to go on smoothly instead of caking up.
Mousse/Whipped foundations can be applied with your hands, beauty sponges or brushes – It really is a universal product that works well with most tools.
With a stick foundation, the coverage tends to be heavier, making them perfect for covering up blemishes, scars, reddened areas, and dark under-eye circles.
Best used on normal to oily skin. If you have dry skin, make sure to apply a hydrating moisturiser and primer underneath first because stick foundations will definitely cake up on you.
I feel as though stick foundations are not a great option for mature skin. They are simply way too heavy and soak into fine lines and wrinkles.
Stick foundations apply best with a wet beauty sponge. Brushes tend to leave streaks and patchiness with such a thick consistency.
Powder (Compact) Foundation
Typically a pressed powder foundation. It’s basically a powder and foundation in one and you can get it in several formulations, but it’s really best for women with oily skin.
Best applied with a fluffy brush to blend easily.
Can be found in either a liquid or powder form. For women interested in natural, organic makeup. Mineral makeup is made up almost always primarily of minerals, which come from nature. It’s a great bet for women with sensitive skin or allergies. And it’s a great bet for older women with fine lines and wrinkles. Mineral foundation is best applied with a big, fluffy brush.
Just like the powder (compact) foundation – Mineral foundation is best applied with a fluffy brush for best results in blending.
With a liquid mineral foundation, I would recommend using a stippling makeup brush.
I apply all my liquid products with a wet beauty sponge, always. I don’t change this routine ever, it’s just what works best with my skin.
Obviously as a regular makeup wearer, I try to switch up my foundation regularly. So it does change daily, but here are a few of my faves..
Esmi Mineral Foundation, in shade Light I-II
Loreal Pro Glow, in shade 202 Creamy Natural
NARS Sheer Glow, in shade Mont Blanc
NARS Natural Radiant Longwear Foundation, in shade Mont Blanc
MAC Studio Fix Fluid, in shade NC15
Marc Jacobs Re(Marc)able Foundation, in shade 10 Ivory
Now we’ve covered all those bases, lets move onto concealer..
Finding a concealer is a lot less daunting of a task then choosing a foundation. Typically you just need to find your colours.
Depending on your skin tone and things you want to cover – You may need colour correction as well.
Most concealers come in a liquid form with a doe-foot applicator brush. You can also get stick concealers and cream concealers in a pot or compact.
Personally, I use 2 different concealers (both liquids), one for the actual concealing or covering up blemishes and another for highlighting and brightening areas of my face.
I would say the best method of application is a wet beauty blender, but that is just my personal opinion. You can of course use any time of brush or sponge of your choice 🙂
Just like my foundations, the concealers I use do change daily, but here are a few of my faves..
Like I’ve mentioned above, there are many brushes and tools you can use to apply your foundation and concealer:
- Your fingers
- Wet beauty sponge
- Flat foundation brush
- Flat top kabuki brush
- Stippling brush
Keep yours eyes peeled on my instagram for a clip of me applying my foundation and concealer for ya’ll to see 🙂
I hope you guys enjoyed a little bit more of a ‘tutorial’ style blog today.
Let me know what you think in the comments below or via my socials <3
Stay tuned, next Sunday is Beauty Basics: Shape Your Face